Episode 125

Chicago Mayoral Race, School Lunches, Tattoos

Ravi, Rikki, and Joe start by diving into a tight race in Chicago to decide who will be the city’s next mayor, Paul Vallas or Brandon Johnson, after a historic loss by incumbent Lori Lightfoot. Then we head north to Minnesota, where a new bill to universalize free school meals is reigniting a national debate about student hunger and nutrition. Finally, we welcome LD researcher Aryaan on the show to talk tats: the emerging health conversation, their social capital, and the extent to which a once-countercultural signifier has gone mainstream.


Chicago Mayoral Race [1:40]

Nearly half of Chicago voters tapped a loser. Now they can sway the mayor’s race. (Politico, 3/7/23)
Chicago’s messy, caustic mayor’s contest has Democrats feuding over crime (Politico, 2/8/23)
The Chicago mayor’s race shows Democrats still have a crime problem (Vox, 3/1/23)
Chicago’s mayoral run-off will test the Democrats’ left and right (The Economist, 3/1/23)
Chicago’s public schools are emptying. Politics makes it hard to fix (The Economist, 3/16/23)
Chicago schools face falling revenue, increased needs (Chalkbeat, 3/22/23)
Johnson or Vallas: Chicago’s Next Mayor Will Oversee CPS During Transformative Period (WTTW, 3/23/23)
Crime Tops Chicago Voters’ List of Issues in Mayoral Race, Poll Shows (NBC 5 Chicago, 2/10/23)
Chicago mayor’s race dominated by concerns about city crime (AP, 2/25/23)
In Chicago, High Crime Leads to a Mayor’s Downfall (Bloomberg, 3/2/23)
Chicago Decides: Where Brandon Johnson, Paul Vallas differ on public safety (CBS, 3/13/23)
Chicago’s mayor limits interviews to reporters of color. Now they’re caught in the middle. (Washington Post, 5/21/21)
Teachers strike is over, but Lightfoot faces political fallout (Chicago Sun Times, 10/13/19)
Chicago Students Will Return To School Wednesday Under Deal Approved By Teachers Union Leadership (Block Club Chicago, 1/10/22)
EXPLAINER: Why are Chicago schools, teachers union fighting? (AP, 1/11/22)
Vallas, Johnson face off on policing, education, taxes, more in debate (ABC 7 Chicago, 3/9/23)
NY, Chicago, LA: Power Plays by the Nation’s 3 Largest Teachers Union Locals (The74, 3/16/23)
Chicago’s messy, caustic mayor’s contest has Democrats feuding over crime (Politico, 2/8/23)

School Lunches [20:47]

Minnesota Gov. Tim Walz Signs Universal Free School Meals Into Law (The 74, 3/22/23)
Hunger advocates want free school meals for all kids. It’s tough sell in Congress (NPR, 9/7/22)
The Road Ahead: Building Back Better With School Meals (Food and Nutrition Service, 2/23)
What the Average School Lunch Costs in Your State (ATTN, 3/19/16)
Why Are U.S. Presidents So Obsessed With Ketchup? (Eater, 6/22/23)
Nutrition Standards in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs; Final Rule (Department of Agriculture, 1/26/12)
Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025 (U.S. Department of Agriculture)
Household Food Security in the United States in 2021 (U.S. Department of Agriculture, 9/22)
Key Statistics & Graphics (Economic Research Service)
National School Lunch Program (U.S. Department of Agriculture)
SNA Survey Shows School Meal Programs Face Critical Challenges (School Nutrition Association, 1/11/23)
Study Finds Americans Eat Food of Mostly Poor Nutritional Quality – Except at School (Tufts Now, 4/12/21)
School Meals are Healthy Meals (School Nutrition Association)
The National School Lunch Program Fact Sheet (School Nutrition Association)
School Nutrition is a Crucial Component of the Whole Child Approach to Education (School Nutrition Association)
The Case Against Universal Free Lunch (American Enterprise Institute, 2/23/22)
Pros and Cons of Free Lunch Programs (Noah Webster Educational Foundation, 11/22/21)
The National School Lunch Program Is Broken (Niskanen Center, 12/7/16)
Meet the 2021 FM Top 50 contract management companies, including Compass, Aramark and Sodexo (Food Management, 4/21/21)
The Top 50’s nine largest K-12 market operators (Food Management, 3/29/22)
Is California’s free K-12 meals program working? Sacramento parents, schools call it lifeline (The Sacramento Bee, 3/1/23)
‘The kids are just happier’: could California’s universal school meal program start a trend? (The Guardian, 9/26/22)
Obama-era school nutrition policy led to better diets for students but faces changes (University of Washington School of Public Health, 6/28/20)
Biden inches back toward Michelle Obama’s school nutrition standards (Politico, 2/4/22)

Tattoos and the Immune System [41:28]

Tattoos Do Odd Things to the Immune System (The Atlantic, 3/22/23)
Tat will tell: Tattoos and time preferences (Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2019)
Tattoo Statistics and Interesting Facts (Saved Tattoo, 1/9/23)
What makes tattoos permanent? – Claudia Aguirre (TedEd, 7/10/14)
Watching Tattoos Go From Rebellious to Mainstream (The Atlantic, 10/12/16)
Tattoo Takeover: Three in Ten Americans Have Tattoos, and Most Don’t Stop at Just One Tattoos Now Have an Exit Strategy (The Atlantic, 10/29/19)
Tattoonomics, Part I (Freakonomics, 5/9/10)
The Emotional Range of Tattoos (The Atlantic, 3/25/23)
The Benefits of a Foreign-Language Tattoo (The Atlantic, 12/9/18)
How Much People Spend on Tattoos and Other Amazing Facts About Ink in America (Cheapism, 3/5/20)
Study Reveals What Makes People Swipe Right And Left On Dating Apps (Grazia, 3/23/18)
Which Country Has the Most People With Tattoos? It’s Not the U.S. (Newsweek, 5/24/18)
See Rare Images From the Early History of Tattoos in America (Time, 3/1/17)
How Tattoos Have Helped People Deal With Trauma From Sexual Assault (Health, 1/10/23)
Scientists explore chemistry of tattoo inks amid growing safety concerns (Ars Technica, 8/26/22)
The Rise and Fall of the New York City Tattoo Ban (Reason, 3/8/14)
18 Tattoo Fails That Prove It’s Important To Do Your Research (BuzzFeed, 6/20/21)
More Americans Have Tattoos Today than Seven Years Ago (Ipsos, 8/29/19)
Removing Tattoos: Who Does It and Why (WebMD, 7/28/08)
Study Reveals What Makes People Swipe Right And Left On Dating Apps (Grazia, 3/23/18)
Fortune Business Insights (2021)
Google Search Analysis by Singulart (Hola, 8/22/22)
Where Tattoos Are Most Popular (Statista, 5/23/18)
Healthy bad boys and good-looking competitors (Personality and Individual Differences, 2017)
The Risk of Bacterial Infection After Tattooing (DA International, 2016)